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New Report Highlights Alarming Increase in Prostate Cancer and Advanced Stage Diagnoses

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Findings heighten concern for Black men, who are at the highest risk for
diagnoses and deaths

WASHINGTON /PRNewswire/ — Prostate cancer continues to be one of the most common cancers among men nationwide, showing a 3% increase in incidence per year and a 5% increase in advanced-stage diagnoses per year since 2014, a new report shows. The report also shows that Black men continue to face disproportionate diagnoses and mortality rates, with the incidence of prostate cancer being more than 70% higher in Black men compared to white men.

“An aging population, a pandemic, and a refusal by the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), a Congressionally authorized group of volunteer prevention experts, to recognize the benefits of screening has created the perfect storm for increasing prostate cancer deaths and cases,” said Jamie Bearse, ZERO’s President & CEO. “This perfect storm is affecting Black patients much harder than anyone else. The way forward in fighting this appalling trend is building a diverse nationwide community of patients, caregivers, doctors, lawmakers, and partners that are equipped to advocate for better access to testing and quality care and improve education and screening outreach, especially to high-risk groups.”

Prostate cancer remains the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men (aside from skin cancers) and second leading cause of cancer death in men. According to the report, the 5-year survival rate for men has decreased from 98% in 2022 to 97%. 

“Prostate cancer awareness is a significant issue for me because if I had known that military service or family history had increased my chances of developing prostate cancer, I might have been diagnosed earlier,” said Darrell Wilson, an advanced prostate cancer patient.

The report showed that prostate cancer disparities between Black and white men are at their highest in over a decade. According to new data from 2022, prostate cancer is reported to consist of 37% of cancers diagnosed among Black men, with 41,600 new cases expected this year.

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“Black men are nearly twice as likely to be diagnosed with and more than twice as likely to die from prostate cancer than white men. The sorting of money, knowledge, power, and beneficial social connections by race contribute to sustaining these differences over time,” said Dr. Reggie Tucker-Seeley, ZERO’s Vice President of Health Equity. “We cannot end prostate cancer without addressing the root causes of race and place-based disparities in prostate cancer.”

As the nation’s leading nonprofit in the fight against prostate cancer, ZERO recognizes that only when we can solve the growing health equity divide for those with the highest risk can we end this disease together. ZERO is addressing the health equity divide with our Health Equity Task Force and the Black Men’s Prostate Cancer Initiative. ZERO also partnered with the Prostate Cancer Foundation to create the Young Investigator Award for innovative research into the causes of racial disparities in prostate cancer and potential strategies to reduce them.

In November, ZERO led a White House discussion on prostate cancer as a part of the Biden administration’s Cancer Moonshot Initiative. HHS Secretary Xavier Becerra was part of the roundtable, which focused on increasing prostate cancer awareness and access to screening among men of color. Representatives from the American Cancer Society, Prostate Cancer Foundation, 100 Black Men of America, and Prostate Health Education Network participated in the discussion.

ZERO is combating the rising statistics by making screenings affordable and accessible nationwide. Last year, ZERO led advocacy efforts in Illinois to pass legislation to make prostate cancer screening available without co-pays or other cost-sharing, which will go into effect in 2024. Illinois will follow in the footsteps of New York, which in January of 2019 became the first state in the country to pass a law that supports full insurance coverage of the PSA (prostate-specific antigen) blood test, as well as Maryland and Rhode Island, all of which have eliminated co-pays or cost-sharing fees for prostate cancer screening.

To join the fight against prostate cancer, sign up for the 2023 ZERO Prostate Cancer Summit, the largest annual gathering of the prostate cancer community. For more information, support, and resources, visit zerocancer.org.

About ZERO – The End of Prostate Cancer:

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ZERO — The End of Prostate Cancer is the leading national nonprofit with the mission to end prostate cancer and help all who are impacted. ZERO advances research, provides support, and creates solutions to achieve health equity to meet the most critical needs of our community. From early detection to survivorship, ZERO is the premier resource for prostate cancer patients and their families to access comprehensive support, make meaningful connections, and take action to save lives.

SOURCE ZERO – The End of Prostate Cancer

Health

Observing World Cancer Day

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World Cancer Day is an international day marked on 4 February to raise awareness of cancer and to encourage its preventiondetection, and treatment. World Cancer Day is led by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) to support the goals of the World Cancer Declaration, written in 2008. The primary goal of World Cancer Day is to significantly reduce illness and death caused by cancer and is an opportunity to rally the international community to end the injustice of preventable suffering from cancer. The day is observed by the United Nations.

World Cancer Day targets misinformation, raises awareness, and reduces stigma. Multiple initiatives are run on World Cancer Day to show support for those affected by cancer. One of these movements are #NoHairSelfie, a global movement to have “hairticipants” shave their heads either physically or virtually to show a symbol of courage for those undergoing cancer treatment. Images of participants are then shared all over social media. Hundreds of events around the world also take place. (wikipedia)

https://stmdailynews.com/category/lifestyle/health-and-wellness/health/

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FDA CDC News

Food Safety Tips for Game Day

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/PRNewswire/ — Super Bowl Sunday is coming up and you may be planning a party with friends and family. These parties often involve finger foods, communal dishes, and treats that are left out for long periods of time—which can lead to foodborne illness (also known as food poisoning).  Don’t let foodborne illness ruin the fun. Check out these tips from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and learn how you can keep your food safe.

Food Safety Tips for Game Day

CLEAN

  • Wash your hands with warm water and soap for at least 20 seconds before and after handling food and after using the bathroom, changing diapers, and handling pets.
  • Wash your cutting boards, dishes, utensils, and counter tops with hot soapy water after preparing each food item.
  • Rinse fresh fruits and vegetables under running tap water, including those with skins and rinds that are not eaten. Scrub firm produce with a clean produce brush.

SEPERATE

  • Separate raw meat, poultry, seafood, and eggs from other foods in your shopping cart, grocery bags, and refrigerator.
  • Use one cutting board for fresh produce and a separate one for raw meat, poultry, and seafood.
  • Never place cooked food on a plate that previously held raw meat, poultry, seafood, or eggs unless the plate has been washed in hot, soapy water.
  • Don’t reuse marinades used on raw foods unless you bring them to a boil first.
  • If baking, make sure that no raw flour is on surfaces that contact other foods.

COOK

  • Use a food thermometer to ensure the safety of meat, poultry, seafood, and egg products. These foods must be cooked to a safe minimum internal temperature to destroy any harmful bacteria.
  • When cooking in a microwave oven, cover food, stir, and rotate for even cooking. If there is no turntable, rotate the dish by hand once or twice during cooking. Always allow standing time, which completes the cooking, before checking the internal temperature with a food thermometer.

CHILL

  • Refrigerate or freeze meat, poultry, eggs, seafood, and other perishables within 2 hours of cooking or purchasing. Refrigerate within 1 hour if the temperature outside is above 90° F.
  • Divide large amounts of leftovers into shallow containers for quicker cooling in the refrigerator.

SERVE

  • Keep cold foods chilled to 40 °F or below and hot foods heated to 140 °F or above.
  • If you’re planning a buffet and aren’t sure how quickly the food will be eaten, keep serving portions small. Prepare a number of small platters and dishes ahead of time and replace the serving dishes with the fresh ones throughout the party.
  • Don’t add new food to an already filled serving dish. Instead, replace nearly empty serving dishes with freshly filled ones.
  • Watch the clock with leftovers. Whether you’re sending “doggie bags” home with guests or are saving them for yourself, leftovers should be refrigerated as soon as guests arrive home and/or within 2 hours!

Learn more at:
http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodborneIllnessContaminants/BuyStoreServeSafeFood/ucm328131.htm

SOURCE U.S. Food and Drug Administration

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FDA CDC News

FDA Concludes that Existing Regulatory Frameworks for Foods and Supplements are Not Appropriate for Cannabidiol, Will Work with Congress on a New Way Forward

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Statement From:Janet Woodcock, M.D.
Principal Deputy Commissioner – Office of the Commissioner

January 26, 2023

Given the growing cannabidiol (CBD) products market, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration convened a high-level internal working group to explore potential regulatory pathways for CBD products. Today we are announcing that after careful review, the FDA has concluded that a new regulatory pathway for CBD is needed that balances individuals’ desire for access to CBD products with the regulatory oversight needed to manage risks. The agency is prepared to work with Congress on this matter. Today, we are also denying three citizen petitions that had asked the agency to conduct rulemaking to allow the marketing of CBD products as dietary supplements.  

The use of CBD raises various safety concerns, especially with long-term use. Studies have shown the potential for harm to the liver, interactions with certain medications and possible harm to the male reproductive system. CBD exposure is also concerning when it comes to certain vulnerable populations such as children and those who are pregnant. 

A new regulatory pathway would benefit consumers by providing safeguards and oversight to manage and minimize risks related to CBD products. Some risk management tools could include clear labels, prevention of contaminants, CBD content limits, and measures, such as minimum purchase age, to mitigate the risk of ingestion by children. In addition, a new pathway could provide access and oversight for certain CBD-containing products for animals.

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The FDA’s existing foods and dietary supplement authorities provide only limited tools for managing many of the risks associated with CBD products. Under the law, any substance, including CBD, must meet specific safety standards to be lawfully marketed as a dietary supplement or food additive. 

The working group, which I chair, has closely examined studies related to the CBD-based drug Epidiolex, published scientific literatureinformation submitted to a public docket, as well as studies both conducted and commissioned by the agency. Given the available evidence, it is not apparent how CBD products could meet safety standards for dietary supplements or food additives. For example, we have not found adequate evidence to determine how much CBD can be consumed, and for how long, before causing harm. Therefore, we do not intend to pursue rulemaking allowing the use of CBD in dietary supplements or conventional foods. 

CBD also poses risks to animals, and people could be unknowingly exposed to CBD through meat, milk and eggs from animals fed CBD. Because it is not apparent how CBD products could meet the safety standard for substances in animal food, we also do not intend to pursue rulemaking allowing the use of CBD in animal food. A new regulatory pathway could provide access and oversight for certain CBD-containing products for animals.

The FDA will continue to take action against CBD and other cannabis-derived products to protect the public, in coordination with state regulatory partners, when appropriate. We will remain diligent in monitoring the marketplace, identifying products that pose risks and acting within our authorities. The FDA looks forward to working with Congress to develop a cross-agency strategy for the regulation of these products to protect the public’s health and safety.

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